Earlier in July this year, the CPI (M) had moved the SC in support of the Article 35-A that empowers the state assembly to define permanent residents for bestowing special rights and privileges to them.
Learned senior counsel, P.V Surendranath will appear on behalf of the party in the intervention application filed through Resimitha R. Chandran, Advocate-on-Record.
The party has filed the intervention application in a pending writ petition through Mohammad Yousuf Tarigami.
Before leaving for Delhi, the CPI (M) leader according to the statement issued here said that they are of the unequivocal opinion that Article 35-A, shall in no circumstance be annulled, modified or repealed.
“The special status guaranteed to the State of Jammu and Kashmir under the Constitution of India, which has assumed the permanent feature of the Constitution, requires protection as any alteration would be against the policy of federalism envisaged by the framers of the Constitution,” he said.
The intervention application moved by the CPI (M) in the apex court reads: “Considering the given geographical and topographical position of the Jammu & Kashmir, invasion by tribals at the instigation, aid and support of Pakistan, the majority of Muslim community in Kashmir, and its identity etc., it can be seen that Jammu & Kashmir has acceded to India in unique circumstances and it possess unique problem which requires a unique solution.”
“The State of Jammu & Kashmir is the only State in the Union of India which negotiated the terms of its membership with the union. As part of this negotiation process, the relationship of the Jammu & Kashmir State with Union of India and Constitutional machinery was a subject of prolonged and protracted discussion and debate between the leaders of the Jammu & Kashmir and the Union of India under the leadership of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Prime Minister of Jammu & Kashmir, Sheikh Muhammad Abdulla,” it said.
“Jammu & Kashmir was the only state to declare its intention to have its own constitution drafted by its own constituent assembly, as far back as 5th March 1948. At the time of partition and after, it was free to accede to Pakistan or India, or to become an Independent country. But it decided to accede to India on specific terms, despite the fact that religiously the majority population was following Islam. This unique circumstance was a matter of prime consideration for evolving constitutional machinery to prescribe relationship of the state with the Union of India. It is well documented and recorded that “Jammu & Kashmir state now stands acceded to the Indian Union in respect of 3 subjects namely Foreign affairs, Defence and Communication. It will be for the constituent assembly of the state when convened, to determine in respect of which other subjects the state may accede’’. Article 370 embodies this basic principle of solemn compact pact. It is the machinery to integrate the people of Kashmir with India with heart and soul and to stop their alienation,” it added.
“Article 370 has been repeatedly abused after 1954 Order many times practically negating Article 370 and the autonomy of the state. Among the changes brought about, the most important is restricting the powers of legislature of the State, extension of powers of the union parliament, application to the State of Financial provisions of the Constitution, provisions relating to emergency, all India Services, Superintendence , directions and control of the elections of the State Legislature and several other matters. Article 35A is very much necessary, in this context, not to cause further alienation of Kashmiri People from India,” it said.
“Article 35-A itself is part of fundamental right under Part-III and is not in violation of any other fundamental right including Article 14,” Tarigami added.